Editorial| Volume 144, 109265, July 2023

On epilepsy and education: Global perspectives and knowledge of epilepsy

      Throughout history, people with epilepsy (PWE) have faced significant stigma and discrimination. In the past, epilepsy was commonly characterized as a supernatural or divine affliction rather than a neurological disease, and PWE were often subjected to cruel and extrajudicial treatments. Though Greek thinkers such as Hippocrates and Aristotle attributed seizures to physiological causes as early as the 5th and 4th centuries, epilepsy continued to be a disease burdened with prejudice. Even as recently as the 20th century, PWE were often institutionalized and denied essential opportunities and rights. However, attitudes towards epilepsy are changing across the globe. In many countries, laws and policies have been put in place to protect the rights of PWE and reduce discrimination. Nevertheless, there is still a lack of knowledge and understanding of epilepsy in many parts of the world, perpetuating negative attitudes toward PWE. This special edition collected an international research portfolio offering a diverse perspective on the current landscape of epilepsy knowledge, attitudes, and efforts to promote epilepsy education.
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        • Thorbecke R.
        • Pfäfflin M.
        • Bien C.G.
        • Hamer H.M.
        • Holtkamp M.
        • Rating D.
        • et al.
        Have attitudes toward epilepsy improved in Germany over the last 50 years?.
        Epilepsy Behav. 2023; 138
        • Tarhini Z.
        • Jost J.
        • Ratsimbazafy V.
        • Preux P.M.
        • Salameh P.
        • Al-Hajje A.
        • et al.
        Knowledge of epilepsy, quality of life, and psychiatric comorbidities in Lebanese adults with epilepsy.
        Epilepsy Behav. 2022; 136
        • Girma B.
        • Nigussie J.
        • Tamir T.
        • Bekele E.
        Public knowledge toward Epilepsy and its determinants in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
        Epilepsy Behav. 2022; 133
        • Adal O.
        • Abebe A.
        First aid knowledge and practice toward students with epileptic seizure among governmental high school teachers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Cross-sectional study.
        Epilepsy Behav. 2022; 134
        • Sureshbabu S.
        • Moosan H.
        • Joseph M.
        • Haseena C.V.
        • Lekshmi R.
        • Naz A.
        • et al.
        Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of epilepsy in Wayanad, Kerala.
        Epilepsy Behav. 2022; : 133
        • Şahin Yıldız Y.
        • Kasapoğlu E.S.
        • Dülger H.
        An evaluation of the knowledge and attitudes that Health Care Services department students have about epilepsy.
        Epilepsy Behav. 2022; 134
        • Yu Q.
        • Ying Y.Q.
        • Lu P.P.
        • Sun M.T.
        • Zhu Z.L.
        • Xu Z.Y.R.
        • et al.
        Evaluation of the knowledge, awareness, and attitudes toward epilepsy among nurses.
        Epilepsy Behav. 2022; : 136
        • Lemus H.N.
        • Sarkis R.A.
        Epilepsy care in nursing facilities: Knowledge gaps and opportunities.
        Epilepsy Behav. 2023; : 138
        • Lemus H.N.
        • Tobochnik S.
        • Mayor Romero L.C.
        Evaluation of epilepsy surgery scope and training in Latin America.
        Epilepsy Behav. 2023; 142
        • Arinda A.
        • Ouma S.
        • Kalani K.
        • Ramasubramanian P.
        • Johnson T.
        • Charles A.
        • et al.
        Evaluation of a tailored epilepsy training program for healthcare providers in Uganda.
        Epilepsy Behav. 2023; 138
        • Turan F.D.
        • İşler Dalgıç A.
        • Duman Ö.
        Development of a conceptual framework for a Virtual Reality-based Seizure Management Education Program for Parents (VR-ESMEPP).
        Epilepsy Behav. 2022; 135
        • Ramirez-Valencia C.
        • Carrizosa-Moog J.
        Impact of the educational activities of the Renaser with Love Foundation in Medellín-Colombia.
        Epilepsy Behav. 2023; 143