- •EIASM users more often had high LDL level compared to non-EIASM users.
- •Strong EIASM users had nearly 5 times higher odds of high TC level.
- •Strong and weak EIASM users should have careful monitoring of lipid values.
- •VPA users showed lower HDL and higher TG levels compared to those not using VPA.
Certain anti-seizure medications (ASMs) adversely impact lipid values. Here, we explored the impact of ASMs on lipid values in adults with epilepsy.
A total of 228 adults with epilepsy were divided into four groups based on ASMs used: strong EIASMs, weak EIASMs, non-EIASMs, and no ASMs. Demographic information, epilepsy-specific clinical history, and lipid values were obtained through chart review.
While there was no significant difference in lipid values between groups, there was a significant difference in the proportion of participants with dyslipidemia. Specifically, more participants exhibited elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) level in the strong EIASM group compared to the non-EIASM group (46.7% vs 18%, p < 0.05). In addition, more participants showed elevated LDL level in the weak EIASM group compared to the non-EIASM group (38% vs 18%, p < 0.05). Users of strong EIASMs showed greater odds of high LDL level (OR 5.734, p = 0.005) and high total cholesterol level (OR 4.913, p = 0.008) compared to users of non-EIASMs. When we analyzed the impact of individual ASMs used by more than 15% of the cohort on lipid levels, participants using valproic acid (VPA) showed lower high-density lipoprotein (p = 0.002) and higher triglyceride levels (p = 0.002) compared to participants not using VPA.
Our study demonstrated a difference in the proportion of participants with dyslipidemia between ASM groups. Thus, adults with epilepsy using EIASMs should have careful monitoring of lipid values to address the risk of cardiovascular disease.
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Published online: May 25, 2023
Accepted: May 11, 2023
Received in revised form: May 9, 2023
Received: March 8, 2023
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