- •music therapy may be an additional, non-pharmacological treatment for children with refractory epileptic seizures.
- •the Mozart set of different compositions can be better accepted and effective than the K448 only.
- •music therapy can also improve quality of life, including behavior disorders and night-time sleep instability.
In this prospective, randomized, open label study, we compared the effect on seizure recurrence and quality-of-life parameters, of two different protocols of music therapy in children and adolescents with refractory epileptic encephalopathies. Nine out of 19 patients (13 males and 6 females, aged between 1 and 24 years) were randomized to listen to Mozart's sonata in D major for two pianos K448 for 2 h/day for 2 weeks; other 10 children were randomized on a set of Mozart's compositions.
In group 1 (K448), 2/9 children (22.2%) had a ≥75% seizure decrease; two patients had less than 50% seizure reduction, and the other five were unchanged.
In group 2 (set Mozart), 7/10 patients (70%) had a significant seizure reduction (specifically, ≥50% in 1/10; ≥75% in 4/10; 100% in 2/10).
An overall more significant behavioral improvement including less irritability and tearfulness, reduced self-/heteroaggression, a better daytime vigilance, and nighttime sleep quality, was also reported in children from group 2.
In conclusion, the present study seems to confirm that music therapy may be an additional, nonpharmacological, effective treatment for patients with refractory epileptic seizures in childhood. The Mozart's set of different compositions can be better accepted and effective than the K448.
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Published online: November 25, 2017
Accepted: September 28, 2017
Received in revised form: September 21, 2017
Received: June 29, 2017
© 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.