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Spiritual/religious coping in patients with epilepsy: Relationship with sociodemographic and clinical aspects and quality of life

  • Author Footnotes
    1 Professor of Neurology.
    Glória Maria Almeida Souza Tedrus
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author at: Rua Sebastião de Souza, 205 cj 122, Campinas-SP, CEP 13013-173, Brazil. Fax: +55 19 32346088.
    Footnotes
    1 Professor of Neurology.
    Affiliations
    Faculty of Medicine, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas (PUC-Campinas), Brazil
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 Professor of Neurology.
    Lineu Corrêa Fonseca
    Footnotes
    1 Professor of Neurology.
    Affiliations
    Faculty of Medicine, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas (PUC-Campinas), Brazil
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    2 Placement scholarship, FAPIC/Reitoria (PUC-Campinas).
    Fabiane De Pietro Magri
    Footnotes
    2 Placement scholarship, FAPIC/Reitoria (PUC-Campinas).
    Affiliations
    Faculty of Medicine, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas (PUC-Campinas), Brazil
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    3 Placement scholarship, PIBIC/CNPq (PUC-Campinas).
    Pedro Henrique Magalhães Mendes
    Footnotes
    3 Placement scholarship, PIBIC/CNPq (PUC-Campinas).
    Affiliations
    Faculty of Medicine, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas (PUC-Campinas), Brazil
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    1 Professor of Neurology.
    2 Placement scholarship, FAPIC/Reitoria (PUC-Campinas).
    3 Placement scholarship, PIBIC/CNPq (PUC-Campinas).

      Highlights

      • Spiritual/Religious Coping (SRCOPE) Scale scores were studied in 110 adult patients with epilepsy.
      • A greater use of positive coping than negative coping was found in patients with epilepsy.
      • The use of positive coping was greater in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy than in other types of epilepsy.
      • The ratio of negative/positive coping was associated with low scores in the Quality of Life in Epilepsy Inventory-31.
      • Studies should evaluate interventions, considering the knowledge of SR coping strategies.

      Abstract

      One hundred and ten patients with epilepsy with a mean age of 45.9 were assessed by a clinical-neurological evaluation, Quality of Life in Epilepsy Inventory-31 (QOLIE-31), and the Spiritual/Religious Coping (SRCOPE) Scale. The objective of this study was to evaluate if patients with epilepsy used positive and/or negative spiritual/religious coping and the relationships between this type of coping and the sociodemographic and clinical aspects of epilepsy and the QOLIE-31. A greater use of positive coping (3.0 ± 0.7) than negative coping (2.3 ± 0.7) was found. The use of the positive factor was greater in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) than in other types of epilepsy. The ratio of negative/positive coping was associated with lower scores in the QOLIE-31 (−0.222; p = 0.036). Patients with epilepsy appear to use spiritual/religious coping, especially those with MTLE, and a predominance of negative coping was associated with a reduced quality of life. Future studies should evaluate interventions considering the knowledge of spiritual/religious strategies by the patients.

      Keywords

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